Paper in Frontiers in Psychology

Authors: Jon Andoni Duñabeitia, Kim L. Griffin, Juan Luis Martín, Mireia Oliva, María Luisa Sámano and Lela Ivaz.

Title: The Spanish General Knowledge Norms.

Highlights: This study introduces the Spanish adaptation of the General Knowledge Norms first created by Nelson and Narens (1980) and updated by Tauber et al. (2013). Following a procedure akin to that used in preceding studies and testing comparable samples obtained from Spanish-speaking college students, the current study provides the first cross-cultural normative validation of a database of general knowledge questions. In a series of analyses we demonstrate the reliability of the current dataset by showing a high degree of consistency across cultures and languages, while also highlighting the usefulness and need for cross-cultural and cross-linguistic validations of general-knowledge question sets.

Paper in Frontiers in Psychology

Authors: Joyse Medeiros and Jon Andoni Duñabeitia.

Title: Not Everybody Sees the Ness in the Darkness: Individual Differences in Masked Suffix Priming

Highlights: We explored the role of individual differences in polymorphemic word recognition. The data from a large-scale masked suffix priming experiment were analyzed taking into consideration participants’ reading speed as a proxy for their greater reliance on orthography or on semantics. Only slow participants showed significant priming effects, whereas faster participants showed negligible masked suffix priming effects. These results demonstrate that different reading profiles modulate the access to morphological information in a qualitatively different manner.

Paper in Journal of Neurolinguistics

Authors: Sara Ramos, Yuriem Fernández García, Eneko Antón, Aina Casaponsa and Jon Andoni Duñabeitia.

Title: Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability?

Highlights: In the current study we aimed at exploring the relationship between language learning and switching ability in elderly monolingual participants who learned a second language during a whole academic year. A colour-shape switching task was used as a measure of switching ability in a pre-test/post-test design. Results showed that switching costs in the post-test were not significantly different from those in the pre-test in either the experimental or the control groups, demonstrating that the acquisition of a second language in the elderly does not necessarily lead to an enhancement of switching ability as measured by switching costs.

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Paper in Experimental Brain Research

Authors: Stéphanie Massol, Manuel Carreiras and Jon Andoni Duñabeitia.

Title: Consonantal overlap effects in a perceptual matching task

Highlights: This study investigates the processing of letter position coding by exploring whether or not two explicitly presented words that share the same consonants, but that differ in their vowels, exert mutual interference more than two words that do not share their consonants. Altogether, these data suggest that targets containing the same consonants included in the references in the same positions are processed as being highly similar to them, thus distorting target processing.

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Paper in Journal of Memory and Language

Authors: Eneko Antón, Yuriem Fernández García, Manuel Carreiras and Jon Andoni Duñabeitia.

Title: Does bilingualism shape inhibitory control in the elderly?

Highlights: In this study we test the effects of bilingualism on elderly lifelong bilinguals whose cognitive abilities are in decline, thus making any benefits more salient. Firstly we compare 24 bilinguals and 24 carefully matched monolinguals on verbal and the numerical Stroop tasks, obtaining no differences in monitoring or inhibitory measures. Secondly we explore the modulations that the proficiency in the L2 might cause to executive control functions, as measured by the same tasks, by testing 70 elderly bilinguals who vary in their L2 mastery from very low to perfectly fluent. Results show no modulation in any of the indices due to L2 proficiency.

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